Ubuntu is a big name in the Linux world. It’s an open-source GNU/Linux distribution based on Debian developed by Canonical Ltd. Ubuntu is an excellent distribution and a good Windows and macOS alternative.
Ubuntu is a highly customizable, feature-rich operating system with solid performance. If you are looking for a Windows or macOS alternative, then Ubuntu will be a great start. It’s free and offers 5 years of support for every LTS version. It’s easy to learn and a good fit for those who are looking for a free and open-source solution.
In this tutorial, I am going to show you how you can install Ubuntu on your PC. This is a step-by-step guide to successfully installing Ubuntu.
Download The Ubuntu ISO File
First, you must download the ISO file from the official Ubuntu website. Click the link below to download the Ubuntu LTS version. The current version is Ubuntu 22.04 LTS as of writing this article. And I am going to use this ISO for this tutorial.
How To Create A Bootable USB Media?
After downloading the ISO file, now it’s time to create a bootable USB media. You can create a multiboot USB flash drive or a single boot USB flash drive. To create a multiboot USB drive, follow this tutorial: “How To Create A Multiboot USB Flash Drive In Linux? – Easy Method“. Or if you want to create a single boot USB drive, you can follow this tutorial: “How To Create A Bootable Flash Drive? – 2 Easy Methods“.
How To Boot From The USB?
Now you need to boot from the bootable USB device that you have just created. It will allow you to start the live session of Ubuntu. Follow these steps to boot from USB.
Plug the bootable flash drive into a USB.
Enter into the UEFI/BIOS configuration by Pressing the F2, Del, or Esc keys. In my case, I have a Gigabyte motherboard, and the BIOS Setup key is Del. Enter into BIOS Setup using the Key of your motherboard.
Go to the Boot section and select the USB drive as Boot option #1 or the First boot device.
Now Save the configuration and Reboot the computer to boot from the USB flash drive.
Or you can select the USB drive directly from the Boot Menu using the appropriate key. In my case, the Boot Menu key is F12.
I am using a multiboot USB flash drive created with Ventoy. If you are using a multiboot drive, then select your Ubuntu ISO and it will start booting into the ISO.
After that, the Ubuntu GRUB menu will show up. Select Try or Install Ubuntu to start the live session.
How To Install Ubuntu On Your PC?
If you have any experience installing an operating system before, Ubuntu is not so different. Installing Ubuntu on a PC is a relatively straightforward process. After starting Ubuntu from the USB flash drive, you will be asked whether you want to try Ubuntu or start the installation process. If you want to try it before installing it on your PC, you can do that. As I am going to install it, I will click on Install Ubuntu.
Now, select your Keyboard layout and click on Continue.
You can either choose Normal installation or Minimal installation. The Normal installation will have all the necessary tools like Web Browser, Office program, Media Players, and more to have a fully functional Ubuntu system. On the other hand, Minimal installation will only contain the Basic utilities and a Web browser. If you are new to Linux, this option is not suitable for you.
You can download updates while installing Ubuntu. And you should check the Install third-party software to install the graphics and other hardware drivers and media codecs. This option will save you so much time and headaches afterward. Click on Continue to proceed.
As I am going to fresh install Ubuntu, I select Erase disk and install Ubuntu. This option will delete all the existing partitions and create new partitions to install Ubuntu.
Note that, this will delete all the files including photos, videos, and music. A backup is necessary if you have any important files on your disk.
Or if you want to dual-boot Ubuntu alongside Windows 10, you can follow my tutorial: “How To Dual boot Ubuntu Alongside Windows 10? – Easy Guide“.
Now, click on Install Now and a Window will pop up showing all the changes that will be written on the disk. Click on Continue to make these changes.
Now, select your Time Zone and click on Continue.
Fill up your Name, Computer’s Name, Username, and Password. If you want automatic login, you can select Log in automatically. Click on Continue and the installation gets started. Wait for the installation to be completed.
After completing the installation, click on Restart Now to restart your PC. You need to remove the USB flash drive and press Enter when asking for it.
Congratulations! you have successfully installed Ubuntu on your PC.
Initial Setup After Installing Ubuntu
After installing Ubuntu on your PC, select your User account and enter your password to log in.
This is the Ubuntu Welcome app. It will appear on the first boot of your Ubuntu to set up your online accounts, and location service, and share your system info with Ubuntu to help its development. Click on Skip if you don’t want to connect your online account.
If you want to help Ubuntu by providing your system info, you can opt-in by selecting “Yes, send system info to Canonical“. Or you can simply select No to ignore it. Click on Next to continue.
If you want to enable the Location service, you can toggle it ON or click Next to continue. I don’t need my location service ON, so I click on Next without enabling it.
Click on Done to close the Ubuntu Welcome app.
How To Update Your Ubuntu System?
Now it’s time to update your Ubuntu system. You can update your system by using the Software Updater app or you can use the Terminal.
After the initial Welcome app setup, the Software Updater app may show up to install the latest updates. You can use this app to install the updates by clicking the Install Now button. If you don’t want to install any updates, click on the Remind me later button to close it. But before that, I would suggest you click the Settings button to select the fastest server to download all the updates.
Go to the Ubuntu Software tab, click on the “Download from” drop-down menu, and select Other.
Choose the fastest server by clicking the “Select Best Server” button.
It will run some tests to select the best server for you.
Now click on “Choose server” and it will ask you for your password. Enter the password and close the app.
Note that, you should only select a server that has the highest download speed. Choosing the wrong server can reduce your download speed or even sometimes will show a 404 Not Found or Timed Out error. If you are not sure, let the app choose the best one for you.
You can update the package information by clicking the Reload button or you can close the window.
After that, open up your terminal and type the following command.
sudo apt update
This command will update the package information of your system. Enter your password and hit Enter to start the update process.
Now, use this command to download all the latest updates and install them.
sudo apt upgrade
I hope this tutorial helps you successfully install Ubuntu on your PC. If you have any questions, let me know in the comment section below. And don’t forget to share this tutorial with others who want to install Ubuntu on their PCs.